Advantages and Disadvantages of ASP.NET
ASP or Active Server Pages, developed by Microsoft is a technology to ease interactive web application development and build rich and dynamic websites. One of the highlights of this technology is that it can use both client side and server side scripts. As long as the developer is fully aware of C# and VB, you can take full advantage of this framework.
The developer can set the various conditions in the ASP program, and use this language to manage the content of any page. However, your visitor may not be very concerned about the backend script of a page, they are more interested in the content, design and speed of the application.
The better the speed and performance they get from previously used applications, the happier they become. If you have experience with Visual Basic or similar visual form development tool, then you can easily get started with ASP.NET.
Given the short intro, let us now delve a bit deeper into the advantages and disadvantages of the framework.
1) It allows for separation of concern
ASP.NET follows the MVC architecture, which allows for separate input, process and output of the application. This three-tier architecture, Model-View- Controller has interconnected parts, and can handle specific development aspects of software applications.
2) Reduces coding time
The framework technology is a big help in reducing coding time, especially when you are developing big applications. There are different types of code reviews, so you have no chance of writing a bad code. Code reviews would help you improve code quality.
3) Consists of some of out-of- the box features
ASP.NET delivers enhanced performance and scalability. It also comes with features like just-in- time compilation, early binding, native optimisation and caching services, and they too serve to improve performance several notches higher. The codes here are not interpreted like traditional ASP pages.
4) World class toolbox
The framework comes with incredibly rich toolbox through its Visual Studio integrated development environment. This toolbox acts as a very important building framework for the framework, and aids the developer to create applications very quickly. The toolbox is famous for its features like drag-and-
drop server controls WYSIWYG editing, and automatic deployment.
5) Delivers power and flexibility
The framework language is based on common language runtime, so all the web application developers can enjoy flexibility and power of that entire platform. It is also language independent, so you can choose the language for your application or even divide your application across several languages.
Each task can be performed easily, even the most common ones to the complicated and tricky ones. The common language runtime makes development process a simple one, with services like garbage collection and automatic reference counting. The framework lets you build user interfaces that can separate application logic and presentation code.
7) Customizability and Extensibility
The well factored architecture of the framework is a major help to developers. You can easily extend or replace the subcomponent of the ASP.NET runtime with the help of your own custom-prepared components. Implementing those have become even easier.
Security is a good feature of the framework language. You can develop secure applications through built in Windows authentication and per-application configuration features.
The excellent manageability feature of the framework is contributed through its text based hierarchical configuration system. And since these configurations are incorporated as plain texts, you can just make use of the local administration tools to apply the new settings. This makes tasks much easier, with no server restart, or with the necessity to deploy them separately, or replace running compiled code.
10) Benefit of continuous monitoring
Continuous and constant monitoring is an incredible feature of ASP.NET. You don’t have to worry about the status of the applications, components and the pages themselves. The program watches out for any such illegal events, and if anything happens (for example, memory leaps of infinite loops), it would immediately rise into action by destroying the activities, and restarting itself.
11) Cross-platform migration
The framework language allows for easy cross-platform migration, configuration and deployment services.
Before getting down to work with the framework, make sure to understand its drawbacks. This would give you better results.
Yes, we did mention security as one of the advantages of the framework. But apparently, extra care should be taken to protect the applications.
When compared to open source alternatives, ASP.NET is expensive, as you have expenses like SQL Server licenses, Visual Studio licenses, Windows server licenses, etc. This makes the hosting providers charge extra for their services as well. Additionally, the upkeep of the framework is very expensive, and you might have to use far more web server resources than other languages, for example, PHP. This requires far greater number of web server resources.
3) Documentation is not exactly up to the mark
The documentation of the framework is not as good as you want it to be, and when you building MVC apps, you could face issues.
4) ASP.NET core not good enough
Users say that ASP.NET core is still very raw. Certain basic things like Data Access may not give you the expected 100%. So you might have to be very careful when the app is ready for release, certain codes might just not work.
5) Making changes in the app
Changes might not work in the next version of your app. What works in the current version, works, but in the next, you might have to get help from GitHub.
6) Porting ASP application from one server to another is expensive
The configuration settings in an ASP web application is obscure, and stored in the IIS metabase. You need utilities like Internet Service Manager to access the metabase, as it is stored in the proprietary format on the server machine. Manipulating and extracting the settings is an arduous task because the support for this is pretty limited.
Another drawback of the framework is that it usually is not installed in the older versions of Windows. In that case, you may have to do it manually, following the user guidelines.
As you can see, you can enjoy a number of benefits with ASP NET. Just counter the cons with working experience and knowledge, and you can easily create high quality websites and apps.
Important advantages of ASP.NET
ASP.NET disadvantages with comparison to Web Forms vs. MVC
Picture Source: Flickr.com/ Andrew/ Paireepairit
The author: Reema Oamkumar is engaged as a thought leader at www.Software-Developer-India.com which is a part of the YUHIRO Group. YUHIRO is a German-Indian enterprise which provides programmers to IT companies, agencies and IT departments.