HTML – the markup language that marks up and forms the backbone of the website
HTML or Hypertext Markup Language is the backbone of the website and gives it structure so the web browser can understand. Almost every web developer worth his salt will have very good knowledge of HTML and know how to use this to gain control and flexibility of the website.
HTML syntax uses tags like <img>, <p>, <h1>, etc. to mark up the content and define it. It has similar tags for links, forms, and other aspects of the web page as well. The job of HTML is to tell the web browser how to display the content, but it will not handle the interactivity of the page or its styling.
This is what a basic structure of HTML will be like:
<title>My Web Page</title>
<p>This is my first web page.</p>
The critical role of HTML is to bring order and structure to the page because, without it, the page will be a chaotic mess consisting of unformatted text, images, etc.
Additionally, HTML follows a hierarchical structure known as DOM or Document Object Model. The model organises the elements with <html> tag being the root element. Within the html tag, are the <head> and <body> tags. The head tag will have the meta information (title of the page and links to external style sheets), and the body tag, of course, will have the content that the users see on the website. This is all organised in a tree-like structure.
CSS – the beauty of the cascading style sheets
The role of CSS is to style HTML elements and decide how they will look on the website. It is all about the beauty of the website in terms of font, colours, spacing, layout, formatting, and other visual aspects, including very simple animations. While HTML is all about the basic structure, CSS is all about the skin of the website, and the aesthetics and it is what the user sees and navigates.
CSS thus presents several styling options that can help transform the appearance of HTML and make the website unique and different from the rest. CSS is like the interior designer of the website, making it visually appealing, stylish, and attractive.
Conclusion – The differences and comparison
So you see, all three have different roles and duties to perform on a website, and you need them all for the website to function optimally. As new technologies evolve, developers can integrate the full potential of all three to help build highly interactive applications that deliver dynamic web experiences.
JS makes the website personalised for the user, so when a person fills out a form and submits it, the page responds with a personalised message, even showing the user’s name. That’s what makes the website attractive to the user.
The author: Sascha Thattil works at Software-Developer-India.com which is a part of the YUHIRO Group. YUHIRO is a German-Indian enterprise which provides programmers to IT companies, agencies and IT departments.