Why you should start a company in India
Starting a company in India is an attractive investment option, for both the natives and foreign nationals. It is believed that the Indian economy is expected to grow by 5% every year and this will keep on rising steadily for several more years (at least till 2050).
If market economists say India is a good place to start a company, then their observations are based on true facts. Here are some of them:
Government policies throw a positive light on entrepreneurship
The severe policy freeze that the government had imposed in 2012, has loosened considerably and recently, the Parliament passed a law called Banking Laws Amendment Act allowing corporations to start companies. Capital is more readily available as banks are also encouraging entrepreneurship. Additionally, foreign investment is becoming popular in certain Indian retail segments.
Indian government has begun to invest in infrastructure
A country should have all the basic infrastructure in place before it is called a stable economy. The proper functioning of roadways, aviation department, bridges, railways, sea ports, power sector and telecommunication form the critical points in entrepreneurship. The policies of the government have changed as well. It is no longer a provider of services, but works as a facilitator and regulator as well. Government policies have encouraged the private sector, thanks to the incentives and schemes offered by them.
Indian government and tax incentives
Taxes are levied by the Central and State Government. While the latter levies local and state taxes, the former collects direct taxes like corporate tax, personal income tax and indirect taxes like excise duty, customs duty and service tax. Moreover, domestic companies have to pay 35.7% tax to the Central Government.
Apart from providing excellent infrastructure to facilitate the growth of companies in India, the government has introduced certain tax benefits as well. Have a look at the segments where these incentives apply:
All investors who are developing, maintaining or operating an infrastructure facility can enjoy a 10 year tax holiday.
b. Telecom services
Companies delivering internet services (including broadband) is entitled to a tax holiday of 5 years. After 5 years, a 30% deduction on profits will have to be paid.
c. Industries set in backward states
Companies who have their base/headquarters in backward states can enjoy a tax holiday of 5 years.
Export Processing Zones (EPZ)
There are Export Processing Zones in a country. These are specified areas in a country where tariffs are exempted or reduced with the aim of attracting new businesses and foreign investments. These areas are production centers where raw materials are imported and finished products, exported. Companies that start in the EPZ enjoy 100% exemption from tax (tax holiday) for a period of 5 years and later 50% exemption for two years.
These are EP Zones in India:
- Santa Cruz Electronic Export Processing Zone (SEEPZ), S. Cruz, Maharashtra
- Visakhapatnam Export Processing Zone (VEPZ), Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh
- Falta Export Processing Zone (FEPZ), Falta, West Bengal
- Noida Export Processing Zone (NEPZ), Noida, Uttar Pradesh
- Kandla Free Trade Zone (KAFTZ), Kandla, Gujarat
- Madras Export Processing Zone (MEPZ), Madras, Tamil Nadu
- Cochin Export Processing Zone (CEPZ), Cochin, Kerala
Other zones where foreign investors can enjoy successful investments are Special Economic Zones (SEZ), STP (Software Technology Park) and EHTP (Electronic Hardware Technology Park).
Foreign investments in India
India is a potential gold mine for foreign investors. They can either join partnerships in joint ventures or have wholly owned subsidiaries in the country. The rules detailed under the Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) policy can be easily obtained from the Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion, Government of India.
Certain foreign companies prefer to forge strategic alliance with Indian companies because they can enjoy the following benefits:
- The possibility of financial resource from their partner in India
- Having an Indian partner would be helpful in smoothing out the kinks during the starting stage
- The Indian partner would already have an established distribution/marketing channel that the foreign investor can use
International companies can make use of (1) Liaison Office/Representative Office (2) Project Office and (3) Branch Office to set up an office. After setting up an office in India, they would have to register with the Registrar of Companies (ROC) within 30 days. There are consulting agencies who would provide the required personnel for the operations to run – right from general office maintenance duties to pay roll and other legal nuances involved in the smooth running of an organization.
Readily available man power in the IT and other important sectors
One of the biggest assets of the country is its rich diversity of people. The youthful aspirants in the country are willing to look beyond the concept of daily wages, agriculture and government jobs making it easy for entrepreneurs to invest in their training. This makes it easy to hire people for different sectors, including IT, import-export, power stations, nuclear installations and so on. The huge pool of skilled talents have completed the required education and passed the tests for efficiency, dedication and workability making it easy for companies to seek the cream of talent. The huge boost seen in the secondary and tertiary education in the country and specialized training for job centric courses are also additional factors.
The industrial policy announced in 1991 removed the country from the shackles of unnecessary bureaucratic control. Liberation was introduced and there was an integration of the Indian economy with the world economy to offer fair ground for foreign investors. The internet boom also helped a great deal because it made communication and transfer of funds easy. Non-Indian companies can now easily invest in India and enjoy tax benefits in the process.
Pictures: Flickr.com/ Kumaravel/ Palmer
The author: Reema Oamkumar is engaged as a thought leader at Software-Developer-India.com which is a part of the YUHIRO Group. YUHIRO is a German-Indian enterprise which provides programmers to IT companies, agencies and IT departments.